Registrert sex offenders miami lokale sex londonThe name is thus itself more symbol than acronym, and its expansion cannot replace it while preserving its function in natural syntax as a name within a clause clearly parsable by human readers or listeners. Such etymologies persist in popular culture but have no factual basis in historical linguistics, and are examples of language-related urban legends. Baum (1962) American Speech Vol. Retrieved September 4, 2017. Galway RTC became Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology (gmit as opposed to Galway Institute of Technology ( GIT ). For example, in Chinese, "university" literally "great learning is usually abbreviated simply as great when used with the name of the institute. The short-form names of clinical trials and other scientific studies constitute a large class of acronyms that includes many contrived examples, as well as many with a partial rather than complete correspondence of letters to expansion components. Initialism, an older word than acronym, seems to be too little known to the general public to serve as the customary term standing in contrast with acronym in a narrow sense. but not when pronounced as a word, as in " nato ". There is no special term for abbreviations whose pronunciation involves the combination of letter names and words or word-like pronunciations of strings of letters, such as " jpeg " /dep/ and " MS-DOS " /msds/. In the case of most acronyms, each letter is an abbreviation of a separate word and, in theory, should get its own termination mark. Korea National University of Education Hanguk Gyowon Daehakgyo ) is shortened to Gyowondae "Big." or "Ed.-U.
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The capital's metropolitan area ( Jakarta and its surrounding satellite regions Jabodetabek, is another infamous acronym. Retrieved August 24, 2007. Turabian,., A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 7th Edition, subsection.1.2 Modern Language Association (MLA) Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th Edition 2009, subsection.2.7.g Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA 5th Edition. Acronyms pronounced as words are paradise hotel sesong 2 norsk gay porn rare in Vietnamese, occurring when an acronym itself is borrowed from another language. In some instances, however, an apostrophe may increase clarity: for example, if the final letter of an abbreviation is "S as in "SOS's" (although abbreviations ending with S can also take "-es.g. Turabian would therefore prefer "DVDs" and "URLs" and "Ph. Government program) Recursive acronyms, in which the abbreviation refers to itself GNU : "GNU's not Unix!" Wine : "Wine is not an emulator" (originally, "Windows emulator These may go through multiple layers before the self-reference is found: hurd : "hird of Unix-replacing. P a b Quinion, Michael (2005). The widespread, frequent use of acronyms across the whole range of registers is a relatively new linguistic phenomenon in most languages, becoming increasingly evident since the mid-20th century. For example, " messenger RNA " and " transfer RNA " become "mRNA" and "tRNA". "T vit tt" Abbreviations (in Vietnamese). ; published in the US as Quinion, Michael (2006). For example, the army offense of being absent without official leave was abbreviated to ".W.O.L. "Insisting It's Nothing, Creator Says SAT, Not.A.T." The New York Times. Likewise, the Gaelic acronym for "television" ( gd: telebhisean ) is TBh, pronounced TV, as in English. In some languages, the convention of doubling the letters in the acronym is used to indicate plural words: for example, the Spanish. Archived from the original on April 10, 2007. Citation needed Redundant acronyms and RAS syndrome edit Main article: RAS syndrome Rebranding can lead to redundant acronym syndrome, as when Trustee Savings Bank became TSB Bank, or when Railway Express Agency became "REA Express". Citation needed The spelled-out form of an acronym or initialism (that is, what it stands for) is called its expansion. Jalan Tol (Toll Road) Jagorawi (Jakarta-Bogor-Ciawi) and Purbaleunyi (Purwakarta-Bandung-Cileunyi Joglo Semar (Jogja-solo-semarang). "They can call it the.G.N. Citation needed Likewise, " UBS " is the name of the merged Union Bank of Switzerland and Swiss Bank Corporation, 76 and " hsbc " has replaced "The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation." Sometimes, when? from " Standard Oil and " Sunoco " Sun Oil Company. However, Kate Turabian, writing about style in academic writings, 50 allows for an apostrophe to form plural acronyms "only when an abbreviation contains internal periods or both capital and lowercase letters". Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of English Usage, 1994.
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The PSC's members full designations are "Member of the Standing Committee of the Central Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China" this was eventually drastically reduced to simply Changwei with the term Ruchang used increasingly for officials. 44 With some of these specious expansions, the "belief" that the etymology is acronymic has clearly been tongue-in-cheek among many citers, as with "gentlemen only, ladies forbidden" for " golf although many other (more credulous ) people have uncritically taken it for fact. General grammatical considerations edit Declension edit In languages where nouns are declined, various methods are used. It derives from the original Latin phrase " per procurationem " meaning 'through the agency of 64 an English translation alternative is particular pages in a book or document: see. Pseudo-acronyms may have advantages in international markets: according to whom? UU., for Estados Unidos United States. This is not the case, however, when the abbreviation is understood to describe a plural noun already: For example, "U.S." is short for "United States but not "United State". 79 At least one study has evaluated the citation impact and other traits of acronym-named trials compared with others, 80 finding both good aspects (mnemonic help, name recall) and potential flaws ( connotatively driven bias ). By 1943, the term acronym had been used in English to recognize abbreviations (and contractions of phrases) that were pronounced as words. In inflected forms the abbreviation sign gershayim remains between the second-last and last letters of the non-inflected form of the acronym (e.g. The US Department of Defense's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency ( darpa ) is known for developing contrived acronyms to name projects, including resurrect, nirvana, and dude. This interpretation dates from the 2nd and 3rd centuries and is preserved in the catacombs of Rome. That's what they call words made up of initials.
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The armed forces and government agencies frequently employ acronyms; some well-known examples from the United States are among the " alphabet agencies " (also jokingly referred to as " alphabet soup created by Franklin. Kjøp i erotisk gratis norges pattaya oslo porno shop sex ned søster svensk. Acronyms as legendary etymology edit See also: Backronym It is not uncommon for acronyms to be cited in a kind of false etymology, called a folk etymology, for a word. Webster's New Universal Unabridged Dictionary (2003 Barnes Noble. German edit To a greater degree than English does, German tends toward acronyms that use initial syllables rather than initial single letters, although it uses many of the latter type as well. (The satirical magazine Frank had proposed alternatives to ccrap, namely sshit and nsdap.) Two Irish Institutes of Technology (Galway and Tralee) chose different acronyms from other institutes when they were upgraded from Regional Technical colleges. There is also some disagreement as to what to call abbreviations that some speakers pronounce as letters and others pronounce as a word. Acronyms are often distinguished from initialisms like FBI and NIH, whose individual letters are pronounced as separate syllables. Or.G.N., it's six of one and half a dozen of the other. Use all capitals if an abbreviation is pronounced as the individual letters (an initialism BBC, CEO, US, VAT, etc; if it is an acronym (pronounced as a word) spell out with initial capital, eg Nasa, Nato, Unicef, unless.